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Feature JAPAN'S TECHNOLOGICAL ACHIEVEMENTS Higashiosaka City Synergy of City and Industry ‘Made in Higashiosaka’ items displayed in city hall VEENA YOSHINO T HE east side of Osaka Prefecture is famous for its thriving manufacturing industry. Sandwiched between Osaka City and a range of mountains that divide it from Nara to the east, the city of Higashiosaka in particular is known throughout Japan as ‘The City of Manufacturing.’ ‘Made in Higashiosaka’ products, assembly parts, and technical manufacturing 8 | highlighting japan capabilities play important roles not only in Japan but all over the world. In addition to manufactured products made nowhere else in Japan, locally-made machine parts hold a significant stake in global markets. Indeed, Higashiosaka’s know-how can be found applied to aircraft, satellites, shinkansen bullet trains, and even Tokyo’s Skytree, the tallest free- standing tower in the world. The city’s roots as a home of manufacturing can be traced back to the cast metal industry of the Edo Period. At the same time, cotton batting also expanded in the Kawachi area (the eastern part of what is now Osaka Prefecture), while industries such as wire-drawing sprang up around new watermill technology, all adapting over time to form the foundation for today’s modern industries. “The number of factories in the city grew to 10,000 by 1983,” notes Mr. Keisuke Honda of Higashiosaka City Hall. “Although falling Japanese exports led the number of local companies to drop to 6,016 by 2008,” Honda says, “We still have 116 businesses