Highlighting JAPAN Vol.124 September 2018

ACCORDING to The Association of Nikkei BIFUE USHIJIMA& Japanese Abroad, as of 2016 roughly 3.6 million descendants of Japanese citizens who emigrated from Japan, known First-to third-generation Nikkei who come to Japan are already entitled to residency and can work freely, and many Nikkei are living in Japan on permanent residency visas. In 2017, for example, that included 67,000 Nikkei Brazilians and Peruvians. Generally only fourth-generation Nikkei who were unmarried and dependent children of third-generation Nikkei could claim this visa status, however. 1as Nikkei Japanese, were living all over the world in places like South America, North America and Oceania. In each of those places, Nikkei create support networks.Regardless, a not-insignificant number of other fourth-generation Nikkei admire Japan and wish to live here. Taking this into account, the Ministry of Justice started a system in July 2018 aimed at fourth-generation Nikkei between the ages of eighteen and thirty. They can receive a work visa valid for up to five years, a status similar to first-to third-generation Nikkei. They must satisfy several requirements, however, including having no criminal record, being in good health, having medical insurance coverage, and having funds to cover the costs of returning home. To ensure that their life after coming to Japan goes smoothly, they must also understand basic Japanese at the time of entry, at least at the Japanese-Language Proficiency Test N4 level. This summer the Ministry of Justice began granting special long-term visas to fourth-generation Nikkei Japanese. If they meet the requirements—including having adequate Japanese-language ability and a supporter—applicants can receive a visa of up to five years with no limits on the type of work they do. 22Japan Opens a Door to Fourth-Generation Japanese Abroad

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